How Many Volts is a Police Stun Gun

How Many Volts is a Police Stun Gun?

A stun gun is a handheld device that uses an electrical current to disrupt voluntary control of muscles, causing “neuromuscular incapacitation.” This gives law enforcement personnel time to apprehend an individual. Contrary to popular belief, stun guns and Tasers are not the same. While a Taser can fire projectiles attached to wires from a distance, a stun gun requires direct contact with the target.

Understanding Voltage vs. Amperage

To comprehend stun gun strength, one must first understand voltage and amperage. Voltage measures electrical force, while amperage (current) is the amount of electricity flowing. Think of voltage as water pressure, and amperage as the amount of water flow.

The Power Behind a Police Stun Gun

Police stun guns typically deliver 50,000 volts. However, this high voltage does not mean the stun gun is lethal. The delivered current is under 3 milliamperes, ensuring it does not cause serious harm. The high voltage allows the shock to penetrate clothing and skin, while the low amperage prevents injury or death.

What Happens When You’re Stunned

When the high voltage, low amperage charge enters the body, it interrupts normal electrical signaling in the nervous system. This usually causes temporary paralysis and muscle contractions, allowing officers time to restrain suspects.

The stun gun’s effects depend on the duration of application, the individual’s size and health, and their activity level when stunned. Most people completely recover within minutes to an hour.

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Concerns Around Police Stun Gun Use

While designed as non-lethal tools, stun guns have been tied to injuries and deaths, typically from misuse. Many agencies now have strict guidelines on use, requiring extensive training for officers. Stun guns should only be used when necessary, not punitively.

The Future of Stun Guns

New “smart” stun guns can record usage data like discharge time and duration. This technology intends to increase accountability and responsibility in stun gun use by police.

In summary, a police stun gun’s voltage is around 50,000 volts, allowing it to safely incapacitate suspects. Proper training and responsible use by law enforcement remain vital for ensuring these devices are utilized appropriately.


Police stun guns use high voltage and low amperage to temporarily paralyze suspects without seriously harming them. While an essential law enforcement tool when used properly, misuse of stun guns has resulted in controversy. Strict regulations, accountability measures, and extensive training seek to promote responsible stun gun use among police.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How long does a stun gun incapacitation last?

A: Effects typically last from several minutes up to an hour, depending on the duration of application, the person’s health and activity level when stunned.

Q: Can anyone buy a stun gun?

A: Laws on stun gun purchase and use vary greatly. It’s important to check local regulations before obtaining one.

Q: Do stun guns cause permanent damage?

A: When used appropriately, stun guns are not expected to cause permanent injuries. However, deaths and harm have occurred from excessive or improper use.

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Q: What does it feel like to be stunned?

A: Being stunned by a stun gun causes intense pain and loss of voluntary muscle control, frequently leading to falling down and collapsing.

Q: Can using a stun gun ignite flammable liquids or gases?

A: Yes. The electric arc from a stun gun is capable of igniting flammables. Using them should be avoided near gases or liquids like gasoline.

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